Bethsaida

Bethsaida

Bethsaida is a tourist attraction that moves every Christian pilgrim holy pilgrimage to Israel. No less than three Evangelist are members of this fishing village. But the site has a much longer history and no less fascinating. Instead settlement was established in the days of the Bible, in the tenth century BC. According to the city digs Conjecture Prof. Rami evening, the city had been located there then was the capital of the Kingdom of bridge, and it was here until the Assyrian conquest of Tiglathpileser III (732 BC).
The city extended over 80 hectares, an area larger than the territory of Jerusalem, Megiddo and Hazor at that time. Fortification system included a double wall and a fortified gate extraordinarily. If it is true then is the reasoning of Professor evening, and we have no reason to doubt that, this place is very important in our history. David married crushed, daughter of Ptolemy king of Geshur. Who knows, maybe come here to ask for the hand of the woman, who bore him Absalom and Tamar?
Instead resumed settlement during the Hellenistic period a small fishing village. While the remote side about a mile from the Kinneret, but in those days stretched the Sea of Galilee on a larger area and came to the foot of the hill.
At her side had at least three prominent apostles: Peter - who founded the papacy in Rome; Andreas - patron of the Greek Orthodox Church; And Philip.
When the value of his travels in Galilee, Jesus visited the home side. The New Testament tells of two miracles carried out instead. One miracle is the "miracle of the loaves and fishes", according to which Jesus fed the five loaves and two fish, some 5,000 people (Luke T. 15-11); The second miracle is Saturday eyesight blind man (Mark H. 26-22). But in the end Jesus is not pleased residents of Bethsaida. Residents were opposed to the teachings, and Jesus in his rage he admonished them curse, interpreted later doom: "Oh you Korazin, woe to you, Bethsaida, the powers having carried Bkrbcn, if in Tyre and Sidon made it not also the sackcloth and ashes" (Matthew K. 21).
First century in which Bethsaida be a central place. Philip, son of Herod, who inherited power from his father on the Golan Heights, the rights granted to the side of the city, probably in 30 BC. He called the city Iolias, the name of the wife of the Emperor Augustus and mother of Tiberius. It seems that Philip spent the years of his life at the side where he also was buried.
Bethsaida's fate was sealed during the Jewish revolt against Rome (66/65 AD). Rebel soldiers under the command of Flavius Josephus, the Jordan estuary marshes fought the Roman soldiers. During the battle's horse stumbled Josephus and sank in the mud. Flavius was injured and was removed from the scene. Soldiers lost their fighting spirit and withdrew. The Romans destroyed the side and she never built another city. Houses were dismantled and sold the building stones surrounding communities, but the memory remains etched in the history of the world.